IMAGE FORMATION HYPOTHESES, THEORIES, AND FINDINGS*

  • Note on Hypotheses, Theories and the Scienctific Method

This page is provided to give details on image formation hypotheses/theories and findings which determine the likelihood that the various theories/hypotheses are correct.
Before one analyzes the formation hypotheses/theories it is important to consider the
CHARACTERISICS OF THE IMAGE THAT A THEORY MUST SATISFY ***

Image hyppotheses/theories tend to fall into only a few categories:

dum_2
1) THE IMAGE IS SIMPLY A PAINTING ...
Different techniques have been proposed, none of them satisfy the characteristics of the body image, but there are still many who think this true. Closer examination.
Nickell.jpg
2) THE IMAGE IS DUE TO A BAS-RELIEF (hot or covered with dust)
... As no gnomonic distortions are visible in particular in correspondence of Face, some researcher have supposed the use of a bas-relief to obtain the image, but many facts are against these hypotheses.
foglia.jpg
3) CONTACT IMAGE
... This hypothesis is contradicted by some facts as the presence of image in non-contact areas (for example the zone between cheeks and nose) and the partial lack of characteristic distortion that contact images have.
hand.jpg
4) THE IMAGE IS VAPOR MEDIATED ... Many scientists have supposed that the body image formed by the action of the gases correlated to sources related to the state of the body, either bodily fluids or gases associated with the early breakdown of cellular systems in the hours shortly after death.
Allen.jpg
5) THE IMAGE IS A MEDIEVAL PHOTOGRAPHY
... Some scientist suppposes that the body image formation was due to a proto-photography made by a genius in the Middle Age. Even if the proposed technique is interesting, it is not able to satisfy many characteristics of the Shroud image as, for example, the distortions of calves and the image color at linen fiber level.
Neal.jpg
6) MIXED MECHANISMS
... Some scientist suppposes that the body image formation was due to the combination of more than one mechanism such as that of the contact image combined with that of the vapor mediated image.
dum1.jpg
7) THE IMAGE IS DUE TO A SOURCE OF ENERGY (natural or supernatural) ... As the image is a non-contact image, we must refer to a source of energy as the cause of the body image.

NOTE If only one fact detected on the Shroud is not in agreement with a particular hypothesis, that hypothesis must be discharged. Currently there is no known mechanism that duplicates all the the microscopic and macroscopic characteristics evidenced in the Shroud of Turin. The image formation mechanism is still unknown.

If anyone has a hypothesis to propose, he must compile the following scheme.

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PROFESSOR: I think you should be more explicit in the conclusion.
RESEARCHER: Here is the impossible result! [X=2·X·X; X≠0 and X≠0.5]RayR.jpg

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Figure captions:**
-1) E. Craig's reproduction of face
-2) J. Nickell's reproduction of face
-3) Volckringer's leaf from an herbarium
-4) Image of hand obtained by R. Rogers
-5) Proto-photography obtained by N. Allen
-6) Neal's image of a pig leg
-7) Image of hands obtained by radiation (A. Accetta).