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Shroud of Turin
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St. Louis Conference 2014
Ohio Conference 2008
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Shroud of Turin Web Sites
These web sites are maintained by members of the Shroud Science Group:
The Shroud of Turin
Shroud of Turin Story
Shroud of Turin Education Project
(in memory of Father Kim Dreisbach)
(of G. Fanti)
Collegamento pro Sindone
The Shroud of Turin for Scandinavian Languages
Council for Study of the Shroud of Turin
Crucifixion and Shroud Studies
Shroud of Turin: The Truth
Light of the Shroud
Analogies between the TS Man and Christ, from the Old and the New Testament:
D001) "And no sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah." (Mat 16:4). "And all flesh shall see the salvation of God." (Luk 3:6). "And I am with you always, even to the end of the age " (Mat 28:20). The TS [Shroud of Turin] shows a sign promised by Jesus: like Jonah "who remained for three days in the stomach of the big fish", the Man of the TS [Shroud of Turin] remained for three days inside the sepulcher (Rodante 1987).
D002) "A woman came to him with an alabaster jar of very expensive perfume, which she poured on his head as he was reclining at the table." (Mat 26:7); "When she poured this perfume on my body, she did it to prepare me for burial." (Mat 26:12). Less than 48 hours before his crucifixion, the hair of Jesus was anointed with a very valuable oil and this fact must be considered for an hypothesis about the TS [Shroud of Turin] image formation (Scheuermann 1984).
D003) "Then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him." (Joh 19:1). "I offered my back to those who beat Me, /my cheeks to those who pulled out my beard; /I did not hide my face /from mocking and spitting" (Isa 50:6). The whole body of the MTS is cruelly scourged, except for the breast where, hitting, one could cause death. The scourging was given like punishment apart, more abundant (120 strokes) than the normal (39 strokes) as a prelude to crucifixion (Zaninotto 1984).
D004) "Then they struck Him on the head with a reed and spat on Him" (Mar 15:19). "And they struck Him with their hands" (Joh 19:3). The TS [Shroud of Turin] Man was hit on his face: for instance various tumefactions and the breakage of the nasal septum are evident (Fanti and Marinelli 1998).
D005) "And the soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head" (Joh 19:2). "When they had twisted a crown of thorns, they put it on His head" (Mat 27:29 etc). The TS [Shroud of Turin] Man was crowned with thorns. The head presents many wounds caused by sharp bodies (Fanti and Marinelli 1998).
D006) "And He, bearing His cross, went out to… (the) Golgotha" (Joh 19:17). The TS [Shroud of Turin] Man presents on the shoulders excoriations imputable to the transport of the horizontal part of the cross (patibulum) (Ricci 1989).
D007) "Now as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. Him they compelled to bear His cross" (Mat 27:32). The TS [Shroud of Turin] Man fell repeatedly to the ground; this is demonstrated by the dust particles on the nose and on the left knee. Likely he was helped in the transport of the cross (Fanti and Marinelli 1998).
D008) "My throat is dry" (Psa 69:3), "And for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink" (Psa 69:21). From the forensic medicine analysis it results that the MTS died dehydrated (Intrigillo 1998).
D009) "Where (on the Golgotha) they crucified Him" (Joh 19:17). "They pierced My hands and My feet. I can count all My bones" (Psa 22:16-17) "You have taken by lawless hands, have crucified, and put to death" (Act 2:23). The TS [Shroud of Turin] Man too was crucified (Fanti and Marinelli 1998).
D010) "Reproach has broken my heart" (Psa 69,20). "And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit" (Mat 27:50) "Because for Your sake I have borne reproach; Shame has covered my face" (Psa 69:8). "My heart is like wax; It has melted within Me" (Psa 22:14). The hemopericardium, diagnosed to the TS [Shroud of Turin] Man like consequence of the infarct, causes a violent dilatation of the pericardic pleura with consequent shooting pain from the back breast-bone and immediate death (Malantrucco 1992).
D011) "And saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs" (Joh 19:33)."Nor shall you break one of its bones" (Exo 12,46). Contrary to many Roman crucifixions, they didn’t break the TS [Shroud of Turin] Man legs (Fanti and Marinelli 1998).
D012) "But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear" (Joh 19:34), "But He was wounded for our transgressions" (Isa 53,5). "then they will look on Me whom they pierced" (Zec 12:10). The TS [Shroud of Turin] Man too was pierced in the side after his death (Zaninotto 1989).
D013) "And immediately blood and water came out" (Joh 19:34). "Flowing from under the threshold of the temple toward the east, for the front of the temple faced east" (Eze 47:1). "This is He who came by water and blood Jesus Christ; not only by water, but by water and blood" (1Joh 5:6). The TS [Shroud of Turin] Man also presents a blood and serum flow (Malantrucco 1992).
D014) "And Nicodemus, who at first came to Jesus by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds" (Joh 19:39). "Then they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in strips of linen with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury" (Joh 19:40). Some researchers state that the TS [Shroud of Turin] body was buried with aromatics such as aloe and myrrh because they found their traces on the cloth (Baima Bollone 1983).
D015) "When Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth (or shroud), and laid it in his new tomb" (Mat 27:59-60). The TS [Shroud of Turin] Man too was enveloped or wrapped in a new and expensive sheet, bought by a wealthy person (Fanti and Marinelli 1998).
D016) Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption" (Act 2:27). "For You will not leave my soul in Sheol, Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption" (Psa 16:10). The TS [Shroud of Turin] doesn’t show signs of putrefaction (Fanti and Marinelli 1998).
D017) "You shall let none of it (the Lamb) remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire . It is the Lord’s Passover" (Exo 12:10). Some researcher states that the TS [Shroud of Turin] presents a double sign: the disappearance and the burning, if one refers to the radiant hypothesis (Rinaudo 1998).
D018) "For as lightning that comes from the east is visible even in the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man." (Mt 24,27); "For the Son of Man in his day will be like the lightning, which flashes and lights up the sky from one end to the other." (Lk 17,24). The German theologian G. Schwarz (1986) rectifies the Bible by translation into the Aramaic language. It seems, in doing so, he found the Shroud image forming process in the Bible independent on the TS [Shroud of Turin] : "As a flash in lightning and shining: so I will exist in my day!" ("my day" = the day of Jesus Resurrection) (Scheuermann 1987).
D019) "There was a violent earthquake, for an angel of the Lord came down from heaven and, going to the tomb, rolled back the stone and sat on it." (Matthew 28,2). Someone hypothesise the presence of an earthquake as a cause of the body image formation (Judica Cordiglia 1986, DeLiso 2002, Lattarulo 2003).
D020) "Then the other disciple, who came to the tomb first, went in also; and he saw and believed. For as yet they did not know the Scripture, that He must rise again from the dead" (Joh 20:8-9). "David, foreseeing this, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ" (Act 2:31). One hypothesis states that the TS [Shroud of Turin] Man became mechanically transparent with respect to the sheet and shed a flash of energy that would be the cause of the body image formation (Jackson 1990). Perhaps the particular shape of the TS [Shroud of Turin] seen by John induced him to believe in Christ’s Resurrection.
D021) "After that, He appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep." (1. Cor. 15:6) Paul has written this letter in the year 53-55. The time is too short (eyewitnesses) that all this might be an invention without historical nucleus (Felzmann 2003).
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